Spring is here, which means it’s time to revamp your garden. It’s time to live surrounded by flowers of all shapes, sizes, and colors, assortments of fruits and vegetables, maybe even a new tree or bush for your front yard. No matter what it is you’re planting this year, there are a few essential steps to make them grow to be more beautiful, or delicious, than ever.
- Clean Out the Garden
It’s time to clean your garden and remove all the debris (leaves, leftover snow, etc). Get rid of weeds, making sure that you get the roots so they won’t grow back. This is also a good time to sharpen your garden tools, if needed, because you’re going to require them for plant maintenance and soil care.
- Revitalize the Soil
Add organic material like compost or manure can add moisture, which is beneficial to your garden because your soil is likely dried out and packed after winter. You might need to test the soil to see what nutrients it needs, so you give it the right mixture. You might also need to add more fertilizer to increase the health of the soil and increase the life of your plants.
- Trim Old Plants
Pruning plants that survived the winter will ensure that they’ll grow again in the spring. Make sure to wait until mid-April or even May in case there’s an unexpected freeze. Blooming plants should be pruned right after they bloom to avoid cutting off future flowers. Summer plants should be pruned in early spring.
- Add Mulch
You should think about adding mulch to your flower beds and garden in addition to fertilizers and organic materials. One to three inches of mulch helps to prevent weeds and diseases, while also keeping the moisture in the garden and maintaining the temperature. The rule of thumb is to keep the mulch a few inches from the plant stems to prevent roots from rotting.
- Plant New Flowers and Shrubs
Once you’ve gotten the garden in shape and handled all of the old plants, it’s time to turn your attention to new plants. Some recommendations for good spring plants include:
- Vegetables like lettuce, peas and arugula
- Transplanting tomato plants from indoor pots to outside
Leaning towards perennials can be more cost-effective and less time-consuming than annuals. You should lean towards planting more perennials rather than annuals, because annuals have to be replaced every year where ass perennials can last up to 3 years and can typically survive a few surprise winter frosts even while in bloom.
What to Do for the Rest of Spring?
Once your spring garden is up and running again, it’s important to keep in mind that the work is not quite done. It will need some care so it stays colorful and beautiful throughout the season. Here are some quick tips for garden maintenance throughout the rest of the season:
- Consider new flower beds.
- Plant some hardy annuals.
- Transplant seeds.
- Deadhead and remove bulbs.
- Keep up on weeding.
- Prune flowering shrubs.